Tooth Sensitivity: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Man With Toothache Due To Tooth Sensitivity. | Dental & Denture Clinic

Are you one of the 40 million adults in the United States that avoids drinking hot or cold beverages because of the pain that you experience when your coffee or tea comes in contact with your teeth? Is the pain so bad that you can no longer enjoy a scoop of ice cream without wincing in pain? If so, you may suffer from tooth sensitivity.

Tooth Sensitivity Triggers
There are numerous activities that can cause a painful reaction for those that suffer from tooth sensitivity. The most common triggers include:

Consuming foods that are hot or cold
Eating sour or sugary foods
Brushing or flossing your teeth
Breathing in cold air
If you any of these triggers cause you pain, it may be time to ask your dentist about tooth sensitivity.

Causes of Tooth Sensitivity
Tooth sensitivity occurs when the nerve endings in your teeth are no longer fully protected by your enamel or cementum, which allows for the nerves to come in contact with sugar, hot and cold temperatures, and your toothbrush, ultimately causing pain. The nerves in your teeth can be exposed as a result of:

Tooth decay
Teeth grinding
Worn fillings
Gum recession
Gum diseases
Fractured teeth
Acidic foods and drinks
Brushing too hard

Causes of Tooth Sensitivity
Unfortunately, tooth sensitivity does not have a single treatment option that will work for everyone. In order to successfully treat your condition, it is essential that you get properly diagnosed by your dentist. This is the only way to guarantee that you receive the best treatment option for your specific case.

The most common treatment options offered by dentists are:

Desensitizing toothpaste – Desensitizing toothpaste contains compounds that prevent the transmission of sensations to the nerves.

Bonding, inlay or a crown – These dental procedures can help treat tooth decay or a fracture that may be causing sensitivity.

Fluoride gel – Fluoride gel helps strengthen the enamel, which decreases sensitivity.

Root canal – If the condition is severe and not responding to other treatments, your dentist may suggest this procedure to eliminate the problem.

Gum graft – If your sensitivity is caused by gum recession or disease, your dentist may recommend this treatment option.


If you suffer from tooth sensitivity, schedule an appointment at Dental & Denture Clinic and see what we can do for you!